5 Vicious Rat Borne Diseases

Rats Partying Your In Attic Flyer

Rats are highly dangerous to humans, which is why we call mice extermination to exterminate them. This is because rats carry a wide variety of diseases and illnesses. I have here 5 vicious rat-borne diseases that could affect us humans.

Bubonic plague – is a zoonotic disease spread mainly by the fleas rats carry. It is a bacterial infection caused by Yersinia pestis (formerly Pasteurella pestis). Bubonic plague or bubon is a highly fatal disease and can quickly infect a huge number of people. In fact, it was the Bubonic plague that caused the Black Death that killed millions of people or a third of human population. Bubonic plague is a progressive series of illness with various symptoms which include:

• Malaise

• Chills

• Gangrene

• High fever (102°F)

• Seizures

• Muscle cramps

• Painful lymph gland swelling

• Pain

• Skin discoloration

• Hematemesis (blood vomiting

• Aching limbs

• Couging

• Fatigue

• Gastrointestinal problems

• Delirium

• Lenticulae (black dots scattered on the body)

• Coma
Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome – is a fatal disease of zoonotic origin, more specifically various species of hantavirus such as BCCV (Black Creek Canal Virus), NYV (New York Virus) and SNV (Sin Nombre Virus). These specific viruses are carried by various species of rats and the mode of infection is through direct contact of rat excretion (feces or urine), inhalation of dust contaminated with rat excretion or rat bite. Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome is incurable and has no known vaccine. Symptoms include

• Flu-like symptoms (fever, cough, headache)

• Myalgia

• Lethargy

• Shortness of breath

Hantavirus Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Failure – is an illness caused by certain species of hantaviruses from Bunyaviridae faily. Hantavirus Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Failure or Korean Hemorrhagic fever, nephropathis epidemica and epidemic hemorrhagic fever. Hantavirus Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal failure is hard to diagnose and has a high morbidity rate. Symptoms include:

• Intense headaches

• Nausea

• Blurry vision

• Back and abdominal pains

• Fever

• Chills

• Inflamed or red eyes

• Rashes

• Flushing of the face

• Low blood pressure

• Acute kidney failure

Lassa Fever – or Lassa Hemorrhagic fever is an acute viral hemorrhagic fever. It is caused by the Lassa Virus (member or Arenaviridae virus family) and was first described in Lass, Borno State, Nigera in 1969. This disease is similar to ebola. This virus is transmitted by fecal or urine contact or exposure to infected material (rat carcass, rat meat or wounds). Lassa Fever is a highly common rat infection in Equatorial Africa. This is because they consider rat as a delicacy. Lassa Fever is an asymptomatic sickness that delays or impairs immunity. Symptoms include:

• Nausea

• Vomiting

• Diarrhea

• Stomach ache

• Dysphagia

• Hepatitis

• Pericarditis

• Hypertension/Hypotension

• Tachycardia

• Cough

• Chest Pain

• Pharyngitis

• Pleurits

• Dyspnoea

• Meningitis

• Seizures

• Hearing Deficit

• Encephalitis

Leptospirosis – is a bacterial disease often associated with rats and mice. Leptospirosis is from the bacteria Leptospira, which is carried by most rats and mice and is spread through their excrements (feces and urine). Leptospirosis infection takes place when open skin is in contact with water contaminated with the bacteria leptospira or if contaminated materia (food and water) is ingested. Symptoms include:

• Mild to severe headaches

• Muscle pains

• High fever

• Meningitis

• Kidney failure

• Bleeding lungs

• Jaundice

• Fatigue
• Hearing loss

• Azotemia

• Respiratory distress